Scripture Stories
Words to Know

“Words to Know,” Old Testament Stories (1980), 175–83

“Words to Know,” Old Testament Stories, 175–83

Words to Know

A

altar

People pray at an altar. People burned animals on an altar.

Old Testament stories
angel

An angel is one of God’s helpers. An angel comes from heaven.An angel talked to Adam.

anoint

To anoint means to put oil on someone’s head and bless him.

Old Testament stories
anointed

Samuel anointed Saul to be king of Israel.

ark

An ark keeps things safe inside it. One kind of ark is a big ship. Noah took animals on the ark.

Old Testament stories
ark of the covenant

The ark of the covenant was a box. The two stones with the Ten Commandments written on them were kept in this box.

Old Testament stories
army

Men in an army fight other men.

Old Testament stories
armies

Two armies went to fight each other.

B

baptized

When we join the Church, we are baptized. When we are baptized, we are put under the water and brought up out of the water.

Old Testament stories
barley

Barley is a plant like grass. It has seeds on it. Barley seeds are sometimes used to make bread.

Old Testament stories
barrel

The barrel was full of water.

Old Testament stories
basket

Moses’ mother put him in a basket.

Old Testament stories
battle

A battle is a big fight.

beat

The man beat the boy with a stick. The man hit the boy with a stick.

beating

Moses saw a man beating an Israelite.

beautiful

Something nice to look at is beautiful. The girl was beautiful. The dishes were beautiful. The garden was beautiful.

believe

To believe means to think something is true.

believed

The people believed what Elijah said. The people thought what Elijah said was true.

blessed

God blessed Jacob. God helped Jacob and gave him good things.

blessing

Jacob gave his sons a blessing. Jacob put his hands on his sons’ heads and prayed for his sons.

Old Testament stories
birthright blessing

Long ago people gave the birthright blessing to the oldest son. It was the best blessing. Isaac did not give Esau the birthright blessing.

bow

Haman made the people bow to him.

Old Testament stories
bull

Elijah put the bull on the altar.

bury

When people die, we bury them. People in the Bible put them in caves.

buried

David was buried in Jerusalem.

C

calf

A calf is a cow’s baby.

camel

A camel is an animal.

Old Testament stories
candlesticks

Candlesticks lighted the temple.

captain

A captain is a leader. The captain of the ship did not want to throw Jonah in the sea.

captured

The Israelites captured the city. The Israelites took the city away from the people who lived there. The Jews were captured. The Jews were taken away from their land by the people of Babylon.

cave

Elijah hid in a cave.

Old Testament stories
choose

God lets us choose to do good things or to do bad things. We should choose to do good things.

chose

God chose David to be king. God picked David to be king.

chosen

David was chosen to be king.

commandments

Commandments are things God tells people to do. Good people obey God’s commandments. Good people do what God tells them to do.

crucify

To crucify means to kill someone by putting him on a cross.

Old Testament stories
crucified

Jesus was crucified on a cross.

curtains

The tabernacle had a wall of curtains.

Old Testament stories

D

daughter

A daughter is the girl in a family. The king’s daughter found Moses.

den

A den is a place where wild animals live.

Old Testament stories
destroy

To destroy means to burn or tear down.

destroyed

The city of Jerusalem was destroyed.

divided

The Red Sea was divided. The 12 tribes were divided.

Old Testament stories

E

earrings

People wore earrings made of gold.

Old Testament stories
earthquake

An earthquake makes the earth move and break. The earthquake broke down the walls.

elders

Elders are men who help in the Church. Elders have the priesthood.

enough

The Israelites had enough manna to eat. The Israelites had as much manna as they needed.

escape

To escape means to get away from someone.

escaped

The Israelites escaped from the Egyptians.

evil

Evil is something bad. Satan is evil. Telling lies is evil. People who do very bad things are evil.

F

faith

To have faith is to believe something is true. We should have faith in God. We must have faith in Jesus Christ. We must believe and obey Jesus Christ.

famine

A famine is having no food. There was a famine in Canaan. There was no food in Canaan.

Old Testament stories
fasted

Moses fasted for 40 days. Moses did not eat or drink for 40 days.

flesh-and-blood bodies

We have flesh-and-blood bodies now. Before we came to earth we did not have flesh-and-blood bodies. We had spirit bodies.

flood

Noah saved the animals from the flood. The flood was water that covered the earth.

Old Testament stories
forgive

To forgive someone means to forget the bad things that he has done. Jesus Christ will forgive us for the bad things we do if we are sorry and stop doing them.

forgave

God forgave the people of Israel. God forgot the bad things the people of Israel did.

furnace

A furnace has fire in it. The king had a big furnace.

Old Testament stories

G

garden

A garden has trees, flowers, and grass. Adam and Eve lived in the Garden of Eden.

giant

A giant is a very tall, strong man. Goliath was a giant.

Old Testament stories
gift

A gift is a present. It is something that is given to someone. The king gave Abraham a gift.

Old Testament stories
gospel

The gospel is what Jesus teaches us to do. We believe in the gospel of Jesus Christ.

H

heal

To heal is to make a sick person well. God helped Elisha heal people.

healed

Elisha healed the sick man.

husband

A husband is a man who is married. Father is mother’s husband. Abraham was Sarah’s husband.

I

idol

An idol is a statue. Some people prayed to an idol. They did not pray to God.

Old Testament stories

J

jar

A jar holds oil or water.

Old Testament stories
judge

A judge is a leader. The judges helped people to know what to do. A judge says what is good and what is bad. To judge is to say what is good or what is bad.

K

kingdom

A kingdom is a land that has a king for a leader. Rehoboam was the king of the kingdom of Judah.

L

language

The words we use to talk or write to other people are called language. God changed the language of the people. They could not understand each other.

lead

To lead means to show people what to do. God told Moses to lead the Israelites.

leader

Moses was the leader of the Israelites.

leper

A leper is a sick person with sores all over his body. Naaman was a leper.

lice

Lice are very small bugs that bite. The lice bit the people of Egypt.

lies

Lies are not true. Potiphar’s wife told lies about Joseph. Potiphar’s wife said things about Joseph that were not true.

M

married

Isaac married Rebekah. Isaac was Rebekah’s husband. Rebekah was Isaac’s wife.

miracle

A miracle is something that shows the power of God. God helps prophets to do miracles.

mountain

Moses went up on the mountain.

O

obey

To obey means to do what we are told to do.

obeyed

Enoch obeyed God. Enoch did what God told him to do.

P

pottage

Pottage is thick soup. Esau ate the pottage.

Old Testament stories
power

God has great power. God can do things people cannot do. God can do everything.

pray

To pray means to talk with God. I pray to God every day.

prayed

Hannah prayed to God to give her a son.

priesthood

The priesthood is the power of God. Samuel had the priesthood. Samuel had the power of God.

priests

Priests have the priesthood. Priests are men who help in the Church. The priests helped in the temple.

prison

A prison is a place where people are put and cannot get out. Joseph was put in prison.

Old Testament stories
promise

To promise is to say we will do something. We promise to obey God.

promised

God promised to bless Abraham. He gave Abraham the promised land.

prophet

God speaks to a prophet. A prophet tells us what God wants us to know. Elijah was a prophet.

punished

We are punished when we do something bad. Sad things happen to us when we are punished.

Q

quails

Quails are birds.

Old Testament stories

R

rainbow

God put a rainbow in the sky.

Old Testament stories
ram

A ram is a sheep. Abraham saw a a ram.

Old Testament stories
repent

If we do something bad, we should repent. If we do something bad, we should feel sorry and not do it again.

repented

The people of Nineveh repented.

resurrected

Jesus Christ was resurrected. His spirit came back to his body. He is alive. He will never die again.

righteous

To be righteous means to do what is right. Righteous people obey God’s commandments.

rod

A rod is a stick.

Old Testament stories

S

Sabbath

The sabbath is the day we go to church. We should not work on the sabbath.

sacrifice

God told men to sacrifice animals.

sacrificed

Abraham sacrificed an animal. Abraham killed an animal. He burned it on an altar. Jesus sacrificed his life for us. He died on the cross. Jesus gave his life for us.

save

Jesus died to save us. Jesus died so we could live with Heavenly Father again.

servant

A servant works for someone else.

servants

Potiphar had many servants. Potiphar had many people who worked for him.

shepherd

A shepherd takes care of sheep. David was a shepherd when he was a boy. David took care of sheep when he was a boy.

Old Testament stories
slaves

Slaves are people who are made to work for other people. The king made his slaves work hard.

Old Testament stories
sling

A sling is used to throw stones. David used a sling to throw a stone at Goliath.

Old Testament stories
soldiers

Soldiers fight in an army.

spies

Joshua sent spies into the promised land. Joshua sent men into the promised land to see what it was like.

spirit bodies

Spirit bodies look like flesh-and-blood bodies.

spirits

We were spirits when we lived in heaven with God. We did not have flesh-and-blood bodies then.

store

To store something means to keep it until it is needed.

Old Testament stories
stored

The Egyptians stored food.

swallow

We swallow food. It goes down our throats.

swallowed

A big fish swallowed Jonah.

sword

David killed Goliath with a sword.

Old Testament stories
suffer

We suffer when our bodies hurt. We suffer when we feel very sad.

suffered

Jesus suffered for us.

T

tabernacle

A tabernacle is a place to pray to God. God told Moses to build a tabernacle. The Israelites had a tabernacle. It was like a tent.

Old Testament stories
teach

To teach means to help someone learn. Enoch wanted to teach the people.

taught

Enoch taught the people God’s commandments.

temple

A temple is God’s house. We do God’s work in a temple. Solomon’s temple had stone walls.

Old Testament stories
tested

To be tested is to show if we will do what is right. God put us on earth to be tested.

thirsty

To be thirsty is to want a drink of water. The Israelites had no water. They were thirsty.

tithing

God gave us everything we have. Tithing is what we give back to him. Abraham paid tithing.

Old Testament stories
travel

To travel means to go from one place to another.

traveled

The Israelites traveled from Egypt to the promised land.

tribe

A tribe is many people.

tribes

The families of Jacob’s twelve sons were called tribes.

trouble

Trouble is something bad that happens to us.

troubles

Job had many troubles.

trusted

Potiphar trusted Joseph. Potiphar knew that Joseph would do what he should do.

V

vision

A vision is a dream from God. Enoch saw Jesus Christ in a vision.

W

well

A well is a deep hole with water in it. Rachel came to the well to get water.

Old Testament stories
wheat

Wheat is a plant with small seeds. We use wheat seeds to make bread.

Cereal grains
wicked

Wicked means very bad. Wicked people do bad things. They do not obey God.

wilderness

A wilderness is a place where there are no cities or people. Moses and the Israelites lived in the wilderness for forty years.

Old Testament stories
wise

God made Solomon wise. God helped him know what was true. Solomon knew how to help people.

wisest

Solomon was the wisest man on earth.

worship

To worship means to show God we love him. We worship God by obeying his commandments. We worship God by praying to him.

Y

yard

A yard is the land around a building. There was a yard around the tabernacle.

young

A child is young. My grandmother is old. David was young when he killed Goliath.

youngest

David had older brothers. David was the youngest son of Jesse.