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Chief (city). (1) In Judah (Josh. 15:60).

(2) Chief city of the Ammonites, in the deep fertile valley of the Upper Jabbock (Deut. 3:11; Josh. 13:25); taken by David (2 Sam. 11:1; 12:26–27, 29; 17:27; 1 Chr. 20:1); prophecies against (Jer. 49:2–3; Ezek. 25:5; Amos 1:14). Later it received the name of Philadelphia. It is not mentioned in the New Testament, but it was a town of importance during the Roman occupation and was one of the cities of the Decapolis. There are still extensive ruins at the modern Amman.