The Greek form of the Hebrew word Jezreel. The “great plain of Esdraelon” is also known in the Old Testament as the “valley of Megiddo”; it separates the hills of Samaria from those of Galilee and is the most fertile part of Palestine. It was crossed by several important highways and for that reason often provided a battleground (Judg. 4; 5; 7; 1 Sam. 31; 2 Chr. 35:20–27; see also Rev. 16:16). See also Armageddon; Megiddo.