â€œLesson 53: Mosiah 3,â€ Book of Mormon Seminary Teacher Manual (2012)
â€œLesson 53,â€ Book of Mormon Seminary Teacher Manual
Continuing his address to his people, King Benjamin conveyed the words an angel had spoken to him concerning the ministry of Jesus Christ. King Benjamin testified that through faith in Jesus Christ and repentance, those who have sinned can receive salvation. He also taught that through the Atonement of Jesus Christ, an individual who yields to the enticings of the Holy Spirit â€œputteth off the natural man and becometh a saintâ€ (Mosiah 3:19).
Note: If in the previous lesson you encouraged students to memorize and apply Mosiah 2:17, consider giving them an opportunity to share their experiences sometime today. Be careful not to take too much time in this review. Leave enough time to discuss the doctrines and principles in Mosiah 3.
Display an empty glass and a container of water. Invite a student to demonstrate how much water he or she would pour into the glass for someone who wants only a taste of the water. Then have the student demonstrate how much he or she would pour for someone who wants to be filled. Ask students to ponder the following question:
If the water represents joy, how much would you want in your glass?
Explain to students that the teachings in Mosiah 3 will help them to see how they can be filled with joy.
Emphasize that Mosiah 3 contains an angelâ€™s declaration of â€œglad tidings of great joyâ€ (Mosiah 3:3). Invite a few students to take turns reading aloud from Mosiah 3:5â€“10. Ask the class to look for words or phrases that help them better appreciate the mission of Jesus Christ. You may want to suggest that they mark these words and phrases. Invite a few students to share the words and phrases they have found.
What does Mosiah 3:7 help you understand about the Saviorâ€™s mission?
Why do you think the angel said that this message would bring great joy?
Invite students to write a one-sentence summary of Mosiah 3:5â€“10 in their scripture study journals or class notebooks. After they have had enough time to write, invite a few of them to share what they have written. Studentsâ€™ summaries should show understanding of the angelâ€™s teaching that Jesus Christ suffered so we can be saved from our sins.
You may want to follow up studentsâ€™ responses with the following question:
What are your feelings as you think about what the Savior has done for you?
To help students deepen their understanding of the Saviorâ€™s suffering, share the following statement by Elder James E. Talmage of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles:
â€œChristâ€™s agony in the garden is unfathomable by the finite mind, both as to intensity and cause. â€¦ He struggled and groaned under a burden such as no other being who has lived on earth might even conceive as possible. It was not physical pain, nor mental anguish alone, that caused Him to suffer such torture as to produce an extrusion of blood from every pore; but a spiritual agony of soul such as only God was capable of experiencing. â€¦ In that hour of anguish Christ met and overcame all the horrors that Satan, â€˜the prince of this world,â€™ could inflict. â€¦ In some manner, actual and terribly real though to man incomprehensible, the Savior took upon Himself the burden of the sins of mankind from Adam to the end of the worldâ€ (Jesus the Christ, 3rd ed. , 613).
Tell students that King Benjamin shared the angelâ€™s description of different groups of people and how the Atonement of Jesus Christ applies to each group. Write the following questions on the board. Ask students to read Mosiah 3:11â€“13, 16 silently, looking for answers to the following questions:
After sufficient time, ask students to share their answers to these questions. (To help them answer the first question, you may want to have them read Doctrine and Covenants 137:7â€“10. To help them with the third question, you may want to have them read Moroni 8:8, 17 and Doctrine and Covenants 29:46â€“47.)
Read the following statement by Elder Dallin H. Oaks of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles about the effect of the Atonement on all of Heavenly Fatherâ€™s children:
â€œWe â€¦ read that â€˜his blood atoneth for the sins of those â€¦ who have died not knowing the will of God concerning them, or who have ignorantly sinnedâ€™ (Mosiah 3:11). Similarly, â€˜the blood of Christ atoneth for [little children]â€™ (Mosiah 3:16). These teachings that the resurrecting and cleansing power of the Atonement is for all contradict the assertion that the grace of God saves only a chosen few. His grace is for all. These teachings of the Book of Mormon expand our vision and enlarge our understanding of the all-encompassing love of God and the universal effect of His Atonement for all men everywhereâ€ (â€œAll Men Everywhere,â€ Ensign or Liahona, May 2006, 77).
What principle do we learn from Mosiah 3:12 about how the Atonement applies to us? (We will be saved from our sins as we exercise faith in Jesus Christ and repent.)
According to this verse, what will happen to those who choose not to exercise faith in Jesus Christ and repent?
Point out that Mosiah 3:19 is a scripture mastery passage. You might want to encourage students to mark this passage in a distinctive way so they will be able to locate it easily. Also draw attention in Mosiah 3:19 to the angelâ€™s use of the term â€œnatural man.â€ To help students understand this phrase, read the following explanation from the Guide to the Scriptures:
A natural man is â€œa person who chooses to be influenced by the passions, desires, appetites, and senses of the flesh rather than by the promptings of the Holy Spirit. Such a person can comprehend physical things but not spiritual things. All people are carnal, or mortal, because of the fall of Adam and Eve. Each person must be born again through the atonement of Jesus Christâ€ (Guide to the Scriptures, â€œNatural Man,â€ scriptures.lds.org).
Write the following questions on the board. Have students look for answers to the questions as they search Mosiah 3:19 silently.
Point out that through the Atonement of Jesus Christ, a person does more than just stop being a â€œnatural man.â€ He or she â€œbecometh a saint.â€ In addition to saving us from our sins, the Savior changes us into better people than we could ever be on our own. He helps us become more like Him. To help students understand this doctrine, read the following statement by Elder David A. Bednar of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles:
â€œBoth clean hands and a pure heart are required to ascend into the hill of the Lord and to stand in His holy place [see Psalm 24:3â€“4].
â€œLet me suggest that hands are made clean through the process of putting off the natural man and by overcoming sin and the evil influences in our lives through the Saviorâ€™s Atonement. Hearts are purified as we receive His strengthening power to do good and become better. All of our worthy desires and good works, as necessary as they are, can never produce clean hands and a pure heart. It is the Atonement of Jesus Christ that provides both a cleansing and redeeming power that helps us to overcome sin and a sanctifying and strengthening power that helps us to become better than we ever could by relying only upon our own strength. The infinite Atonement is for both the sinner and for the saint in each of usâ€ (â€œClean Hands and a Pure Heart,â€ Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2007, 82).
To help students summarize the doctrines they have learned from Mosiah 3:19, ask:
What are some gospel truths that you find in Mosiah 3:19?
Students may list several doctrines from this verse, including the following:
The natural man is an enemy to God.
As we yield to the enticings of the Holy Spirit, we put off the natural man.
Through the Atonement of Christ, we can put off the natural man and become saints.
Invite students to respond to one of the following questions in their scripture study journals. (You may want to write these questions on the board before class, prepare a handout with the questions, or read the questions slowly so students can write them in their scripture study journals.)
What can you do to more fully yield â€œto the enticings of the Holy Spiritâ€? What will you do over the next week to improve in this area of your life?
What attribute of a child listed in Mosiah 3:19 do you most need to develop? What will you do over the next week to help you develop that attribute?
To help students gain a greater appreciation for the Saviorâ€™s Atonement, read Mosiah 3:23â€“26 to them. Explain that the phrase â€œcup of the wrath of Godâ€ in verse 26 refers to the eventual suffering of those who willfully sin and do not repent. Then ask a student to read Doctrine and Covenants 19:16â€“19. Ask students to listen for the word cup in verse 18.
What has Jesus Christ done so that we will not have to drink â€œout of the cup of the wrath of Godâ€? (He has partaken of that cup Himself, taking upon Himself the punishment for our sins. If we truly repent, we will not have to suffer that punishment.)
Conclude by sharing your testimony of the truths discussed in this lesson.