â€œIntroduction to the Book of Alma,â€ Book of Mormon Seminary Teacher Manual (2012)
â€œAlma,â€ Book of Mormon Seminary Teacher Manual
By studying the book of Alma, students will learn about Jesus Christ and the necessity of His Atonement and Resurrection in the plan of salvation. They will also learn about the power of the word of God to overcome priestcraft, false doctrine, sin, hatred, and apostasy and to lead individuals to experience a mighty change of heart. Students can be edified and inspired as they read about the missionary efforts of Alma, Amulek, and the sons of Mosiah, as well as the conversion and faithfulness of the Anti-Nephi-Lehies (the people of Ammon). As they study chapters detailing the warfare between the Nephites and the Lamanites, they can learn principles that will guide them in the tumultuous times in which they live and help them prevail in their personal battles against the adversary.
Mormon compiled and abridged records from the large plates of Nephi to create the book of Alma. The book is named for Alma, who, as the son of Alma, is often called Alma the Younger. When King Mosiah instituted the reign of the judges among the Nephites, Alma the Younger became the first chief judge and succeeded his father as high priest over the Church (see Mosiah 29:42). He eventually resigned his position as chief judge to dedicate himself â€œwholly to the high priesthoodâ€ and â€œto deliver the word of God unto the peopleâ€ throughout the land of the Nephites (Alma 4:20; 5:1). Mormon used the records of Almaâ€™s ministry (see Alma 1â€“44) and the writings of Almaâ€™s sons Helaman (see Alma 45â€“62) and Shiblon (see Alma 63) to compose the book of Alma.
Mormon did not address the book of Alma to a particular audience or state why he wrote it. However, the bookâ€™s numerous teachings on the redeeming mission of Jesus Christ contribute to a central purpose of the Book of Mormon, which is to testify â€œthat Jesus is the Christ, the Eternal Godâ€ (title page of the Book of Mormon; see also Alma 5; 7; 13; 32â€“34; 36; 39â€“42).
The original records used as sources for the book of Alma were likely written between 91 B.C. and 52 B.C. Mormon abridged those records sometime between A.D. 345 and A.D. 385. Mormon did not record where he was when he compiled this book.
Although the book of Alma is the longest in the Book of Mormon, it covers a period of only 39 yearsâ€”approximately 91 B.C. to 52 B.C. The book recounts the first instance of successful missionary labors among the Lamanites. It also highlights the faithfulness of the converted Lamanites in keeping their covenants (see Alma 23:6â€“7; 24). Additionally, the book of Alma includes teachings about the doctrine of foreordination and the ministry of Melchizedek (see Alma 13); the power of the word of God (see Alma 31); how to develop faith in Jesus Christ (see Alma 32â€“34); the severity of breaking the law of chastity (see Alma 39); the state of our spirits following death (see Alma 40); the doctrines of resurrection and restoration (see Alma 40â€“41); and the roles of justice and mercy in Heavenly Fatherâ€™s plan of redemption (see Alma 42). This book also contains the Lordâ€™s instructions concerning self-defense and the justification for war (see Alma 43:45â€“47).
Alma 1â€“3 Nehor introduces priestcraft among the Nephites. Alma leads righteous Nephites in defending themselves against Amlici and his followers, who have combined with a Lamanite army. After thwarting Amliciâ€™s attempt to become a king and destroy the Church, the Nephites defeat another Lamanite army.
Alma 4â€“16 Alma resigns as chief judge. He travels throughout the land of the Nephites to combat pride and wickedness by preaching the word of God. Amulek joins Alma, and they teach of the Atonement of Jesus Christ, the Resurrection, and the need for faith in the Lord and repentance. Zeezrom is converted and baptized.
Alma 17â€“28 The sons of Mosiah and others preach the word of God among the Lamanites in the land of Nephi. Thousands are converted to the Lord. The converts forsake their weapons of war and go to dwell among the Nephites. Many people die in a great battle between the Nephites and the Lamanites.
Alma 29â€“42 Alma desires to bring souls to repentance. He confounds Korihor, an anti-Christ. While teaching the Zoramites, a group of Nephite dissenters, Alma compares the word of God to a seed that must be nourished by faith. Amulek testifies of the Atonement and teaches the Zoramites to exercise faith unto repentance. Alma provides individual counsel and testimony to his sons Helaman, Shiblon, and Corianton. Alma entrusts the sacred records to Helaman. He teaches about the postmortal spirit world, resurrection, and the roles of justice and mercy in Godâ€™s plan.
Alma 43â€“45 Stirred to anger by Nephite dissenters, the Lamanites come to war against the Nephites. Moroni leads the Nephites to victory over the army of Zerahemnah. Alma interviews and blesses Helaman, prophesies the destruction of the Nephites, and departs out of the land.
Alma 46â€“63 Moroni, Lehi, Teancum, Helaman, and Pahoran lead the Nephites to victory against Lamanite armies controlled by Amalickiah and Ammoron. Moroni and Pahoran also quell the rebellion of Nephite dissenters known as king-men. Shiblon receives the Nephite records and later gives them to Helamanâ€™s son Helaman. The army of Moronihah defeats the Lamanites in another battle.