â€œLesson 90: Alma 32,â€ Book of Mormon Seminary Teacher Manual (2012)
â€œLesson 90,â€ Book of Mormon Seminary Teacher Manual
After witnessing the Zoramitesâ€™ apostate form of worship, Alma and his companions began preaching the word of God to the Zoramites. They began to experience some success among the people who were poor and who had been cast out of their synagogues. By comparing the word of God to a seed, Alma taught the people how to receive the word of God and increase their faith.
Invite students to imagine that you are a friend who has asked them how you can know if the gospel of Jesus Christ is true. Ask them what they would say to help you receive a testimony.
After students share their thoughts, write on the board How to receive and strengthen a testimony. Tell students that throughout the lesson, you will list the principles and insights they discover about how to receive and strengthen a testimony.
Remind students that Alma and his brethren had observed the false worship of the Zoramites, an apostate group of Nephites. Because of his sorrow for the wickedness of the people, he had prayed for comfort and for strength to be able to teach them. (See Alma 31.)
Invite a student to read Alma 32:1â€“3 aloud. Ask the class to look for which group of Zoramites showed interest in the missionariesâ€™ message. Ask them to report what they find.
According to Alma 32:3, in what ways were these people poor? (â€œThey were poor as to things of the world; and also they were poor in heart.â€)
What do you think it means to be â€œpoor in heartâ€?
To help students answer this question, invite several of them to take turns reading aloud from Alma 32:4â€“12. (Students might suggest that being poor in heart includes being humble, repentant, and ready to hear the word of God.)
How does the question in Alma 32:5 show that the Zoramites were poor in heart?
How did poverty lead to blessings for this group of Zoramites?
What do these verses teach about receiving and strengthening a testimony? (As students share different principles, write them under the heading on the board. Make sure they identify the following principle: Humility prepares us to receive the word of God.)
Why is humility essential in the process of receiving and strengthening a testimony?
Invite a few students to take turns reading aloud from Alma 32:13â€“16. Ask the class to look for two different ways people may become humble. (People may choose to be humble, or they may be compelled to be humble.)
What can we learn about humility from these verses? (Help students identify the following principle: we are more blessed when we choose to be humble than when we are compelled to be humble.) Why do you think it is better to choose to be humble?
What do you think it means to humble yourself â€œbecause of the wordâ€? (Alma 32:14). How might this apply to our attitudes in church, seminary, or family scripture study?
Explain that Alma identified a false idea that many people have about obtaining a testimony. Ask a student to read Alma 32:17â€“18 aloud while the class identifies this false idea.
What false idea did many of the people have about obtaining a testimony?
What is wrong with demanding a sign before believing? (You may want to remind students of the example of Sherem in Jacob 7:13â€“16 and the example of Korihor in Alma 30:43â€“52. You might also have them read Doctrine and Covenants 63:9 to emphasize that signs are a product of faith, not something we should demand before we have faith.)
Explain that Alma taught the people what faith is. Invite students to read Alma 32:21 silently, looking for Almaâ€™s definition of faith. Point out that this verse is a scripture mastery passage. You may want to encourage students to mark it in a distinctive way so they will be able to locate it easily.
Ask students to read Alma 32:22 silently, looking for counsel on how to receive and strengthen a testimony. Invite them to report what they discover.
Add Remember the mercy of God and Believe Godâ€™s word to the list on the board.
Why are these actions important in the development of our faith?
Explain that to help the Zoramites understand how to believe in the word of God, Alma suggested that they conduct an experiment.
Why do people conduct scientific experiments? (To find out if a theory or idea is true.)
Ask students to describe experiments they have performed in science classes or other settings. Help them see that experiments require action, not just guesses, on the part of the researcher. The process of receiving or strengthening a testimony also requires action.
Have a student read Alma 32:27 aloud. Ask the class to look for the experiment Alma invited the Zoramites to conduct. Add Experiment upon the word to the list on the board.
What do you think Alma meant when he said to â€œexperiment upon [his] wordsâ€?
What do you think Alma meant when he said to â€œawake and arouse your facultiesâ€? (You may need to explain that the word faculties refers to our ability to think and act and accomplish things. Alma was inviting the people to act on his words. You may want to add Awake and arouse your faculties to the list on the board.)
What do you think it means to â€œexercise a particle of faithâ€?
To help students discover how they can begin to perform this experiment in their lives, invite them to read Alma 32:28 silently.
What did Alma compare the word of God to? (A seed.)
What are some sources of Godâ€™s word? (Answers should include the scriptures, the teachings of latter-day prophets, and personal revelation from the Holy Ghost.)
What did Alma say we must do with this â€œseedâ€?
List studentsâ€™ answers on the board. You may want to write them under Experiment upon the word, which you wrote earlier. The list might include the following elements:
To help students understand what they have read about the experiment, ask the following questions:
How is the word of God like a seed that can be planted in our hearts? (Answers may include that it can grow, that it can strengthen us, and that we need to nurture it.)
As students discuss the comparison of the word of God to a seed, invite them to read Alma 33:22â€“23 silently. Before they read, ask them to look for Almaâ€™s explanation of â€œthis word.â€ Help them see that it refers to Jesus Christ and His Atonement.
What do you think it means to â€œgive placeâ€ for the word to be planted in our hearts? (See Alma 32:28. Answers may include that we need to open our hearts and that we need to make room in our lives for scripture study.)
What do you think it means to feel that the word of God is â€œswellingâ€ within you? If the word of God is swelling within you, then what is happening to your testimony and faith?
When has the word of God enlarged your soul and enlightened your understanding?
Ask a few students to take turns reading from Alma 32:29â€“34. Invite the class to follow along, looking for words and phrases that describe what we learn about the word of God. Then ask students to read the words and phrases they have found and explain why they have chosen them. Ask:
Why would our faith not yet be perfect after performing this experiment? What more do you think we need to do to receive a lasting testimony of the gospel?
How is the process of helping a tree grow similar to the process of strengthening a testimony?
Invite a few students to take turns reading aloud from Alma 32:35â€“40. Ask the class to look for Almaâ€™s counsel about how to complete the experiment.
According to Alma 32:37â€“40, what must we do so our faith in the word of God will continue to grow? (Add Nourish the word to the list on the board.)
What can we do to nourish the word? (Answers may include that we can study the scriptures every day, pray for guidance as we study, look for ways the scriptures and the teachings of latter-day prophets apply in our lives, and share what we learn.)
What happens when we neglect a tree or fail to nourish it? What happens when we neglect the word of God that has been planted in our hearts?
Ask students to write in notebooks or scripture study journals what they have learned from Alma 32 about how to receive and strengthen a testimony. You might also suggest that they write these summaries in their scriptures near Alma 32:37â€“43.
Invite students to share what they have written. As they share, make sure they express that if we diligently nourish Godâ€™s word in our hearts, our faith and our testimony of Jesus Christ and His gospel will grow.
Ask students to read Alma 32:41â€“43, looking for Almaâ€™s description of the tree and the fruit.
Where else does the Book of Mormon include a description of a tree with fruit that is â€œsweet above all that is sweetâ€? (You may need to remind students of the description of the tree of life in 1 Nephi 8:11â€“12 and 1 Nephi 11:9â€“24.)
In Lehi and Nephiâ€™s vision of the tree of life, what do the tree and the fruit represent? (The tree represents the love of God as expressed through the Savior and His Atonement, and the fruit represents the blessings we can receive through the Atonement. See lesson 12 in this book.)
In Lehi and Nephiâ€™s vision, how do the people arrive at the tree? (By following the iron rod, which represents the word of God.) How is this like Almaâ€™s comparison of the word of God to a seed?
Invite a few students to share how they have followed the practice described in Alma 32. Ask them how this practice has influenced their lives. Consider sharing your own experiences when you have felt the power of the word of God.