Church History
Doctrine and Covenants 27–28

Doctrine and Covenants Historical Resources: Doctrine and Covenants 27–28, Doctrine and Covenants Historical Resources (2020)

Doctrine and Covenants 27–28, Doctrine and Covenants Historical Resources

Doctrine and Covenants 27–28

Painting of the Apostles around a low table as Jesus Christ administers the sacrament.

Walter Rane, In Remembrance of Me, 1997, oil on paper, Church History Museum.


Historical background and the earliest manuscript of each revelation, as published in The Joseph Smith Papers

Revelation, circa August 1830 [D&C 27]

This revelation announced guidelines for what members of the Church of Christ should use in the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper to represent the blood of Christ. More …

Revelation, September 1830–B [D&C 28]

This revelation was a response to actions by Oliver Cowdery and Hiram Page that raised the question of whether Joseph Smith was the only one authorized to deliver revelation to the Church. More …


Biographical facts and historical images of individuals associated with the revelations

Historical Background

Conference Minutes, 26 September 1830

Minutes of the second Conference held by the Elders of this Church according to adjournment. More …

Revelations in Context

Essays on the background of each revelation

“Thou Art an Elect Lady”

D&C 24, 25, 26, 27

Joseph Smith’s history recounts, “It was proposed that we should … partake together of the sacrament. … In order to prepare for this; I set out to go to procure some wine for the occasion, but had gone only a short distance when I was met by a heavenly messenger, and received the following revelation.” More …

A Mission to the Lamanites

D&C 28, 30, 32

In September 1830, six months after the Book of Mormon was published, Oliver Cowdery was the first person instructed by revelation to “go unto the Lamanites & Preach my Gospel unto them.” More …

“All Things Must Be Done in Order”

D&C 28, 43

Oliver was assured his voice would be heard but was warned that “no one shall be appointed to Receive commandments & Revelations in this Church excepting my Servent Joseph.” More …

Saints: The Story of the Church of Jesus Christ in the Latter Days

Narrative history of events surrounding the revelations

Volume 1, Chapter 8

The Rise of the Church of Christ

Almost immediately after the Book of Mormon was published, Joseph and Oliver prepared to organize the Church of Jesus Christ. More …

Volume 1, Chapter 9

Come Life or Come Death

After [Joseph and Emma] arrived [in Fayette], they learned that Hiram Page, one of the Eight Witnesses and a teacher in the Aaronic Priesthood, had started to seek revelations for the Church through what he thought was a seer stone. More …


Sacrament: Primarily referred to the sacrament of the Lord’s Supper, or Communion, as opposed to other religious sacraments. More …

Seer stone: A special stone used for seeing visions and aiding translation. More …

Church History Topics

Essays on subjects related to the revelations

Restoration of the Aaronic Priesthood

Oliver Cowdery recorded the earliest detailed account of the appearance of John the Baptist to Cowdery and Joseph Smith in 1829. More …

Restoration of the Melchizedek Priesthood

The appearance of Peter, James, and John to Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery is attested to in numerous sources. More …

Revelations of Joseph Smith

During Joseph Smith’s prophetic ministry, he received over 100 revelations that were recorded and later canonized. More …

Sacrament Meetings

When the Church was organized in 1830, revelation to Joseph Smith directed “that the church meet together oft to partake bread and wine in Remembrance of the Lord Jesus.” More …

Seer Stones

For millennia, many people throughout the world have accepted the idea that physical objects can be used for sacred purposes. More …


Maps and information about places associated with the revelations from The Joseph Smith Papers, Historic Sites, and other helpful sources


Timeline placing each revelation in the context of key events in the Church’s first century

View the chronology …