2. Israel’s Exodus from Egypt and Entry into Canaan
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2. Israel’s Exodus from Egypt and Entry into Canaan

Map

N

Key

Possible route of the Exodus

Ai

Jordan River

Gilgal

Mt. Nebo

Jericho

Jerusalem

Dibon

Hebron

Salt Sea (Dead Sea)

Arnon

Great Sea (Mediterranean Sea)

Gaza

Canaan

Arad

Moab

Philistines

Beersheba

Zered

River of Egypt

Wilderness of Zin

Edom

Nile Delta

Rameses (Tanis)

Wilderness of Shur

Kadesh-barnea

Mt. Hor

Goshen

Pithom

Succoth

Egypt

Wilderness of Paran

Arabah (Rift Valley)

Eastern Wilderness

On (Heliopolis)

Pi-hahiroth?

Wilderness of Etham

Sinai Peninsula

Ezion-geber

Noph (Memphis)

Nile River

Marah?

Elim?

Gulf of Suez

Wilderness of Sin

Sinai Wilderness

Wilderness Camps

Midian

Dophkah?

Rephidim?

Gulf of Aqaba

Mt. Sinai? (Horeb)

Red Sea

Kilometers

0 40 80 120

A B C D

1 2 3 4

Miles

0 25 50 75

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

  1. Rameses Israel was thrust out of Egypt (Ex. 12; Num. 33:5).

  2. Succoth After the Hebrews left this first campsite, the Lord attended them in a cloud by day and in a pillar of fire by night (Ex. 13:20–22).

  3. Pi-hahiroth Israel passed through the Red Sea (Ex. 14; Num. 33:8).

  4. Marah The Lord healed the waters of Marah (Ex. 15:23–26).

  5. Elim Israel camped by 12 springs (Ex. 15:27).

  6. Wilderness of Sin The Lord sent manna and quail to feed Israel (Ex. 16).

  7. Rephidim Israel fought with Amalek (Ex. 17:8–16).

  8. Mount Sinai (Mount Horeb or Jebel Musa) The Lord revealed the Ten Commandments (Ex. 19–20).

  9. Sinai Wilderness Israel constructed the tabernacle (Ex. 25–30).

  10. Wilderness Camps Seventy elders were called to help Moses govern the people (Num. 11:16–17).

  11. Ezion-geber Israel passed through the lands of Esau and Ammon in peace (Deut. 2).

  12. Kadesh-barnea Moses sent spies into the promised land; Israel rebelled and failed to enter the land; Kadesh served as the main camp of Israel for many years (Num. 13:1–3, 17–33; 14; 32:8; Deut. 2:14).

  13. Eastern Wilderness Israel avoided conflict with Edom and Moab (Num. 20:14–21; 22–24).

  14. Arnon River Israel destroyed the Amorites who fought against them (Deut. 2:24–37).

  15. Mount Nebo Moses viewed the promised land (Deut. 34:1–4). Moses delivered his last three sermons (Deut. 1–32).

  16. Plains of Moab The Lord told Israel to divide the land and dispossess the inhabitants (Num. 33:50–56).

  17. Jordan River Israel crossed the Jordan River on dry ground. Near Gilgal, stones from the bottom of the Jordan River were placed as a monument of Jordan’s waters being divided (Josh. 3:1–5:1).

  18. Jericho The children of Israel captured and destroyed the city (Josh. 6).