Exodus 12

Chapter 12

The Lord institutes the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread—Lambs without blemish are slain—Israel is saved by their blood—The firstborn of all Egyptians are slain—Israel is thrust out of Egypt after 430 years—No bones of the paschal lambs are to be broken.

1 And the Lord spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

2 This amonth shall be unto you the bbeginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his aeating shall make your count for the lamb.

5 Your alamb shall be without blemish, a male bof the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

6 And ye shall keep it up until the afourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and aunleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

9 Eat not of it raw, nor asodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the bpurtenance thereof.

10 And ye shall let nothing of it aremain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins agirded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in bhaste: it is the Lord’s passover.

12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the afirstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the bgods of Egypt I will execute cjudgment: I am the Lord.

13 And the blood shall be to you for a atoken upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

14 And this aday shall be unto you for a bmemorial; and ye shall keep it a cfeast to the Lord throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a dfeast by an ordinance efor ever.

15 Seven days shall ye eat aunleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be bcut off from Israel.

16 And in the first day there shall be an holy aconvocation, and in the bseventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

17 And ye shall observe the afeast of bunleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your carmies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations dby an ordinance for ever.

18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a astranger, or born in the land.

20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.

21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, aDraw out and take you a blamb according to your cfamilies, and kill the dpassover.

22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the ablood that is in the basin; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

23 For the Lord will apass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the Lord will bpass over the door, and will not csuffer the ddestroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the Lord will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.

26 And it shall come to pass, when your achildren shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service?

27 That ye shall say, It is the asacrifice of the Lord’s bpassover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and cdelivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the Lord had acommanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the Lord asmote all the bfirstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one adead.

31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you aforth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the Lord, as ye have said.

32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.

33 And the Egyptians were aurgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.

34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.

35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they aborrowed of the Egyptians jewels of bsilver, and jewels of gold, and craiment:

36 And the Lord gave the people afavour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they blent unto them such things as they required. And they cspoiled the Egyptians.

37 And the children of Israel ajourneyed from bRameses to Succoth, about csix hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

38 And aa mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

39 And they baked aunleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were bthrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any cvictual.

40 Now the asojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt.

42 It is a night ato be much bobserved unto the Lord for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the Lord to be observed of all the children of cIsrael in their generations.

43 And the Lord said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the apassover: There shall no bstranger eat thereof:

44 But every man’s servant that is abought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth aought of the flesh babroad out of the house; neither shall ye cbreak a dbone thereof.

47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the Lord, let all his males be acircumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is bborn in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the aLord commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the Lord did abring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.