Study Helps
12. Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus

12. Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus

Bible map 12



City at the time of Jesus

Later walled areas

Road to Samaria

Bezetha (New City)


Garden Tomb

Pool of Bethesda

Fish Gate

Antonia Fortress

Pool of Israel

Garden of Gethsemane

Susa Gate

Sheep Gate

Solomon’s Porch


Mount of Olives


Gate Beautiful

Road to Emmaus and Joppa

Tower’s Pool

Road to Bethany and Jericho

Pinnacle of the Temple

Hasmonean Palace

Royal Porch


Herod’s Palace

Steps to the Temple

Gihon Spring

Serpent’s Pool

Upper City


House of Caiaphas

Hezekiah’s Tunnel

Hinnom Valley

Upper Room

Kidron Valley

Lower City

Pool of Siloam

Water Gate

Road to Bethlehem and Hebron

En-rogel Spring

Road to the Dead Sea


0 100 200 300 400


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8


0 300 600 900 1200




















  1. Golgotha A possible site for Jesus’ crucifixion (Matt. 27:33–37).

  2. Garden Tomb A possible site for the tomb in which the body of Jesus was placed (John 19:38–42). The risen Christ appeared to Mary Magdalene in the garden outside His tomb (John 20:1–17).

  3. Antonia Fortress Jesus may have been accused, condemned, mocked, and scourged at this site (John 18:28–19:16). Paul was arrested and recounted the story of his conversion (Acts 21:31–22:21).

  4. Pool of Bethesda Jesus healed an invalid on the Sabbath (John 5:2–9).

  5. Temple Gabriel promised Zacharias that Elisabeth would bear a son (Luke 1:5–25). The veil of the temple was rent at the death of the Savior (Matt. 27:51).

  6. Solomon’s Porch Jesus proclaimed that He was the Son of God. The Jews attempted to stone Him (John 10:22–39). Peter preached repentance after healing a lame man (Acts 3:11–26).

  7. Gate Beautiful Peter and John healed a lame man (Acts 3:1–10).

  8. Pinnacle of the Temple Jesus was tempted by Satan (Matt. 4:5–7). (A likely location for this event.)

  9. Holy Mount (unspecified locations)

    1. Tradition holds that here Abraham built an altar for the sacrifice of Isaac (Gen. 22:9–14).

    2. Solomon built the temple (1 Kgs. 6:1–10; 2 Chr. 3:1).

    3. The Babylonians destroyed the temple in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:8–9).

    4. Zerubbabel rebuilt the temple in about 515 B.C. (Ezra 3:8–10; 5:2; 6:14–16).

    5. Herod expanded the temple plaza and rebuilt the temple starting in 17 B.C. Jesus was presented as a baby (Luke 2:22–39).

    6. At age 12, Jesus taught in the temple (Luke 2:41–50).

    7. Jesus cleansed the temple (Matt. 21:12–16; John 2:13–17).

    8. Jesus taught in the temple on several occasions (Matt. 21:23–23:39; John 7:14–8:59).

    9. The Romans under Titus destroyed the temple in A.D. 70.

  10. Garden of Gethsemane Jesus suffered, was betrayed, and was arrested (Matt. 26:36–46; Luke 22:39–54).

  11. Mount of Olives

    1. Jesus foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple. He also spoke of the Second Coming (Matt. 24:3–25:46; see also JS—M).

    2. From here Jesus ascended into heaven (Acts 1:9–12).

    3. On October 24, 1841, Elder Orson Hyde dedicated the Holy Land for the return of the children of Abraham.

  12. Gihon Spring Solomon was anointed king (1 Kgs. 1:38–39). Hezekiah had a tunnel dug to bring water from the spring into the city (2 Chr. 32:30).

  13. Water Gate Ezra read and interpreted the law of Moses to the people (Neh. 8:1–8).

  14. Hinnom Valley The false god Molech was worshipped, which included child sacrifice (2 Kgs. 23:10; 2 Chr. 28:3).

  15. House of Caiaphas Jesus was taken before Caiaphas (Matt. 26:57–68). Peter denied that he knew Jesus (Matt. 26:69–75).

  16. Upper Room The traditional location where Jesus ate the Passover meal and instituted the sacrament (Matt. 26:20–30). He washed the feet of the Apostles (John 13:4–17) and taught them (John 13:18–17:26).

  17. Herod’s Palace Christ was taken before Herod, possibly at this location (Luke 23:7–11).

  18. Jerusalem (unspecified locations)

    1. Melchizedek ruled as king of Salem (Gen. 14:18).

    2. King David captured the city from the Jebusites (2 Sam. 5:7; 1 Chr. 11:4–7).

    3. The city was destroyed by the Babylonians in about 587 B.C. (2 Kgs. 25:1–11).

    4. The Holy Ghost filled many on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1–4).

    5. Peter and John were arrested and brought before the council (Acts 4:1–23).

    6. Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Lord and died (Acts 5:1–10).

    7. Peter and John were arrested, but an angel delivered them from prison (Acts 5:17–20).

    8. The Apostles chose seven men to assist them (Acts 6:1–6).

    9. Stephen’s testimony to the Jews was rejected, and he was stoned to death (Acts 6:8–7:60).

    10. James was martyred (Acts 12:1–2).

    11. An angel freed Peter from prison (Acts 12:5–11).

    12. The Apostles decided the issue of circumcision (Acts 15:5–29).

    13. The Romans under Titus destroyed the city in A.D. 70.