While the children of Israel were camped at Mount Sinai, God gave them the Ten Commandments. This lesson can help students understand principles related to two of the Ten Commandments: keep the Sabbath day holy and honor your father and mother.
Note: This lesson provides an opportunity for two students to teach the class. To be sure these students have time to prepare, provide each student with a copy of the section he or she is to teach a week in advance. You could also choose to teach these sections yourself.
Students studied two scripture mastery passages in this unit. The mastery passage in Exodus 20:3–17 will be reviewed in the beginning of this lesson. You may want to review Exodus 19:5–6 at the end of the lesson by reciting it together with students and perhaps discussing how it relates to what they learned in the lesson today.
As students studied Exodus 19 on day 3 of this unit, they began working on a handout titled “Moses’s and Israel’s Experiences with Jehovah at Mount Sinai.” A completed version of the handout is located in the appendix of this manual.
God gives the children of Israel the Ten Commandments
Invite students to help list the Ten Commandments on the board. Remind them that these commandments are found in the scripture mastery passage Exodus 20:3–17.
If someone were to ask you what the most important commandment is, what would you say? Why?
Explain that the Savior was asked a similar question during His mortal ministry. Invite a student to read Matthew 22:36–40 aloud. Ask the class to follow along, looking for how the Savior responded. Ask students to report what they find.
Write the headings Love God and Love Thy Neighbor on the board. Explain that the Savior summarized all of God’s commandments into these two commandments.
Remind students that while the Israelites were camped at Mount Sinai, they heard the voice of God give the Ten Commandments (see Exodus 20:1; Deuteronomy 4:12–13; 5:22–26). Ask students to categorize each of the Ten Commandments under one of the two headings on the board. Write the number of the commandment under the heading students select. (One way to categorize them is identifying that commandments 1 through 4 deal with loving God and commandments 5 through 10 deal with loving our neighbor.)
Write the following principle on the board: By living the Ten Commandments, we can show love for God and our neighbor. Explain that in this lesson students will have the opportunity to learn more about one commandment that pertains to loving God and one that pertains to loving our neighbor.
The remainder of this lesson is designed for two students to teach.
To help students prepare for their study of the next unit, ask the following questions: Would you bow to a golden calf? Why would the children of Israel make an idol? Invite students to consider times in their lives when they have disobeyed God’s commandments. Explain that as they continue their study of Exodus in the coming week, they will learn important truths from the Lord’s dealings with the children of Israel after they disobeyed His commandments by making and worshipping a golden calf.