“Lesson 15: Jesus Christ- The Central Focus of All Scripture,” Scripture Study—The Power of the Word Teacher Manual (2001), 48–51
“Lesson 15,” Scripture Study Teacher Manual, 48–51
All scripture is given to testify of Christ and to center our attention on His work and mission.
Christ should be the focus of our scripture study.
The scriptures testify of Christ’s mission.
All prophets testify of Christ.
All things given of God typify Christ.
Discuss with students the importance of centering their scripture study on Jesus Christ. While there are many interesting topics to study in the scriptures, there is nothing more significant than learning of the Savior and what He does for mankind. Emphasize to students that if they want to achieve this focus, the library of scripture is the best source to learn about the Savior.
The following statement by Elder Howard W. Hunter, then a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, might help the class understand this point: “I am grateful for the library of scripture through which a greater knowledge of Jesus Christ can be learned by devoted study. I am grateful that in addition to the Old and New Testaments, the Lord, through prophets of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, has added other revealed scripture as additional witnesses for Christ—the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price—all of which I know to be the word of God. These bear witness that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of the living God” (in Conference Report, Oct. 1979, 93; or Ensign, Nov. 1979, 65).
Read John 17:3. Point out that to have eternal life an individual must come to know the Father and the Son. John 5:39 explains how we come to know the Father and the Son—we must search the scriptures (see also JST, Luke 11:53).
As students study the scriptures, alert them to be watchful of Christ’s mission to mankind. Make the following points concerning the Savior’s mission:
Have students compile a list of scriptures from each of the standard works defining the mission of Jesus Christ. You might want to divide the class into groups and have students search the Topical Guide under “Jesus Christ, mission of,” for insights into the Savior’s mission.
Draw the following illustration on the board, and discuss and mark the references with the class. Students should come to understand that prophets in all ages have testified of Christ.
Have class members turn to the heading “Jesus Christ” in the Topical Guide; point out to them that there are a multitude of references to the Savior listed under fifty-seven subcategories. Review the topics with students so they can see the many aspects of the nature and work of Christ that are covered. Point out that there are far more references under the heading “Jesus Christ” than under any other topic listed. This is one indication that the fundamental theme of all scripture is Jesus Christ.
To further develop the concept that all things typify Christ, refer to the following categories:
The law of Moses testifies of Christ.
The whole purpose of the law of Moses—with its teachings, rites, and ordinances—was to point the children of Israel to Christ and His Atonement. In studying any aspect of the law of Moses, you should look for teachings and representations of the Savior. If you understand the life and work of the Savior, you can better understand the law of Moses, which was designed to testify of Christ and lead people to Him. Read Galatians 3:24; Jacob 4:4–6; Alma 34:13–15, which teach these concepts.
The gospel ordinances testify of Christ.
Animal sacrifice. Adam was commanded to offer sacrifices unto the Lord and was told that it was in “similitude of the sacrifice of the Only Begotten of the Father” (Moses 5:7). This practice was continued among the covenant people until after the ministry of Christ, when it was replaced with the ordinance of the sacrament. Study the comparison of passages on page 50 of this manual. It shows that the ordinance of sacrifice was in similitude of the sacrifice of the Son of God. Mark and cross-reference these passages in your own scriptures.
Ordinance of Sacrifice
The sacrament. The ordinance of the sacrament instituted by the Lord at His last supper is a continual reminder to the Saints of the Atonement of Jesus Christ. It also provides an opportunity for us to renew often the covenant we made to follow His example and keep His commandments. It points back in time to the Atonement, whereas the ordinance of sacrifice anciently pointed forward to the Atonement.
Baptism. Study Paul’s discussion in Romans 6:3–11 of the relationship between the burial and Resurrection of the Savior and the covenant the Saints make when they are baptized.
Individuals and places testify of Christ.
Melchizedek, king of Salem. The name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness” or “my king is righteous.” Paul referred to Melchizedek as the “King of righteousness” and the “King of peace” (Hebrews 7:1–2). Melchizedek became great because he followed Jehovah—the premortal Christ. Jesus Christ is the great king of righteousness and peace (see Jeremiah 23:5–6; Isaiah 9:6–7) of whom Melchizedek was a “type.”
Joseph, sold into Egypt, later saved Israel. There are numerous similarities between Joseph and Christ; thus, Joseph’s life was in many ways a “type” or foreshadowing of the life and ministry of the Savior. A few of the many parallels are as follows:
Both were saviors to Israel. Joseph saved his father’s family from starvation and death by providing them with bread (see Genesis 45:4–7). Jesus, who is “the bread of life” (John 6:35), gave Himself to save Israel from spiritual death.
Joshua led Israel into the promised land. It is significant that Joshua, not Moses, led Israel into the promised land. The English form of the Hebrew name Yehoshua or Joshua is “Jesus.” Just as Joshua (Jesus) led the Israelites into their land of promise, so also does Jesus bring faithful Israel into their eternal promised inheritance.
David, king of Israel. The name David means, “beloved.” In Old Testament times, David was the king of Israel at its zenith. His reign was but a foreshadowing of the reign of Jesus, the “Beloved Son” (Joseph Smith—History 1:17) of the Father. Jesus will come again and, as the second “David,” will reign on the throne of Israel forever (see Ezekiel 37:24–25; Isaiah 9:6–7).
Bethlehem. The name Bethlehem means “house of bread.” In fulfillment of ancient prophecy, Jesus, who is the “bread of life” (John 6:35, 48), was born in Bethlehem (see Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:4–6; Luke 2:15–16).
Objects in the scriptures testify of Christ.
The Liahona. The Book of Mormon teaches that just as the Liahona led the company of Lehi to the promised land, so also the word of Christ will lead the Lord’s children to the kingdom of heaven. Read Alma’s explanation of the symbolism of the Liahona in Alma 37:38–46.
Manifestations in nature testify of Christ.
Light and darkness. When Jesus, who is the “light of the world” (John 8:12), came into the world, the sign in America of His birth was a day, a night, and a day without darkness (see 1 Nephi 1:15, 19). When the “light of the world” died, there was thick darkness both in Jerusalem and America (see Matthew 27:45; 3 Nephi 8:19–23).
The Lord supplied water from a rock. As the Israelites journeyed in the wilderness after their exodus from Egypt, they were in need of water. Moses smote a rock and water came forth to save them from dying of thirst. This physical event was in the likeness of a spiritual reality and bears testimony of the saving power of the Lord. Review the scriptures in the chart below, which shows the parallels.
Physical Events in Moses’ Day
Salvation Provided by Jesus Christ
Israel wandered in the wilderness of Sin (see Exodus 17:1).
Mankind is wandering in a world of sin (see D&C 84:49).
They were in need of water to sustain physical life (see Exodus 17:1–3).
Mankind needs the “living water” from Christ that leads to everlasting life (see John 4:14).
Ezra Taft Benson, “Think on Christ,” Ensign, Mar. 1989, 2–4; the impact that our thoughts have upon our character and how asking the Lord, “What wilt thou have me to do?” can influence our lives.
Ezra Taft Benson, in Conference Report, Apr. 1988, or Ensign, May 1988, 84–85; the Church as a whole can “Come unto Christ.”
Dallin H. Oaks, in Conference Report, Oct. 1987, 75–79; or Ensign, Nov. 1987, 63–66; Jesus Christ is both the “light” and the “life” of the world.
George A. Horton Jr., Keys to Successful Scripture Study, 11–19; the scriptures are Christ-centered.
Joseph Fielding McConkie, Gospel Symbolism, 1–11; all things testify of Christ.
Lenet Hadley Read, “All Things Testify of Him: Understanding Symbolism in the Scriptures,” Ensign, Jan. 1981, 4–7; there are several scriptural symbols that testify of Jesus Christ.
The following exercises could be used as student assignments or as items for further in-class study.
Explain how each of the following items in the scriptures testify of Christ and His work or are representative of Him. The passages in parentheses will help in understanding the prophetic message of the scriptures they accompany.
The vine—see John 15:1–8
One of the greatest similitudes of the Savior found in the Old Testament is the story of Abraham offering his son Isaac as a sacrifice (see Jacob 4:5). Review Genesis 22:1–14 and identify the parallel between each incident listed about Abraham and Isaac in the following chart and the corresponding event from the life of Christ:
Abraham and Isaac
Isaac was to have his blood shed (see Genesis 22:10).
Isaac carried the wood for the sacrifice (see Genesis 22:6).
see John 19:17
see Mark 15:22
Isaac was Abraham’s only covenant son (see Genesis 22:2).
see John 3:16
Abraham loved God and was willing to sacrifice his son (see Genesis 22:12).
see John 3:16
Isaac did not resist; he was a willing sacrifice (see Genesis 22:9).
see Luke 22:42
Jesus’ blood was shed.
Christ carried the cross.
The sacrifice of Christ took place at Jerusalem.
Jesus is the Only Begotten Son of God.
God loved the world and willingly sacrificed His son.
Christ was willing to do the will of the Father.