“Lesson 30: King David and Bathsheba,” Primary 6: Old Testament (1996), 131–34
“Lesson 30,” Primary 6: Old Testament, 131–34
To help the children keep their thoughts and actions pure.
2 Samuel 11:1–11, 14–17, 26–27—King David covets Uriah’s wife, which leads David to commit adultery and murder.
2 Samuel 12:1–10—The prophet Nathan tells David the parable of the ewe lamb.
Doctrine and Covenants 88:86—The Lord counsels us to keep ourselves free from the entanglements of sin.
Doctrine and Covenants 14:7—If we keep the commandments and endure to the end, Heavenly Father promises us his greatest gift.
Study the lesson and decide how you want to teach the children the scripture account (see “Preparing Your Lessons,” p. vi, and “Teaching from the Scriptures,” p. vii). Select the discussion questions and enrichment activities that will best help the children achieve the purpose of the lesson.
Note: As you teach this lesson, be sensitive to the children’s understanding of the Lord’s standard of morality. Do not explain the exact nature of David’s sin with Bathsheba. Instead, it may be sufficient to explain that David and Bathsheba committed a serious sin in breaking one of the Ten Commandments.
A Bible for each child.
A Book of Mormon and a Doctrine and Covenants.
Thread or thin string (see the attention activity).
Invite a child to give the opening prayer.
You may use one or more of the following activities any time during the lesson or as a review, summary, or challenge.
On the chalkboard or a piece of paper draw a simple figure of a person standing at the top of a tall cliff. Tell the children that when we allow ourselves to entertain bad thoughts, we are on the brink of falling to temptation. Improper thoughts can lead to improper words and actions. Draw a protective railing between the person and the edge. Explain to your class that pure thoughts are like a guardrail by the edge of a cliff. We should not step over the guardrail by thinking bad thoughts, but we should replace bad thoughts with uplifting ideas.
Show a seed or a package of seeds and a fruit or vegetable (or a picture of one) of a different variety. Ask the children if the seed could produce that particular fruit or vegetable. Emphasize that seeds only produce their own kind. Have the children read 3 Nephi 14:16–18. Explain that the thoughts we plant in our minds produce the words we say and the things we do.
Discuss some ways the children can interrupt impure thoughts that may come to them (turn away, leave the situation, replace the bad thoughts with good thoughts and actions, say a prayer, think of an uplifting song or verse of scripture, recite the thirteenth article of faith, and so forth). Challenge the class members to be prepared in advance with a specific replacement for an undesirable thought. Allow them a minute to choose something uplifting they can think of instead. To help the children practice what they will do when a bad thought comes into their mind, play the following game.
What Should You Do?
Think of situations, such as the following, that the children might find themselves in (you need enough situations so that each child can have at least one turn). Toss a beanbag to a child, describe one of the situations, have that child explain what he or she could do to avoid the bad thoughts, and have the child return the beanbag to you.
You hear someone swear. The thought comes into your mind to swear also.
Someone tries to show you pictures of people who are immodestly dressed. You are tempted to look.
Someone starts to tell a dirty joke or story. You want to listen.
A friend tells an unkind story about someone. The thought comes into your mind to spread the gossip.
You are watching a television program that shows immoral behavior. This program is popular with your friends and you want to watch it.
You are angry with someone and feel like punching him or her.
You see your favorite candy bar at the store. The thought comes into your mind to steal it.
Ask the children why they think we are warned not to covet something that belongs to someone else. Explain that when we allow ourselves to think about having something that belongs to another person, we may be tempted to do something wrong in order to get it. Mention that this type of coveting can lead to stealing, lying, and even murder. It can also lead us away from the gospel of Jesus Christ.
One way to avoid wanting the belongings of others is to notice and be grateful for our own blessings. Pass out pieces of paper and pencils and ask the children to list or draw some of the things they enjoy and appreciate. Invite the children to share their ideas with the class. Suggest that the children record in their personal journals a “thank-you” letter to their Father in Heaven for their blessings.
Help the children act out the prophet Nathan’s parable of the ewe lamb. Have the children take the roles of the poor man, the ewe lamb, the rich man, the traveler, and the rich man’s sheep. Ask the class members to explain how this story relates to the actions of King David. Ask them how this can apply to us today.
Sing or read the words to “Keep the Commandments” (Children’s Songbook, p. 146) or “I Am Glad for Many Things” (Children’s Songbook, p. 151).
Invite a child to give the closing prayer.