“Lesson 29: David and Jonathan,” Primary 6: Old Testament (1996), 125–30
“Lesson 29,” Primary 6: Old Testament, 125–30
To help the children understand how to be a true friend.
1 Samuel 18:1–16—Jonathan, King Saul’s son, becomes David’s friend. King Saul is jealous of the people’s love for David and tries to kill him.
1 Samuel 19:1–10—Jonathan tries to persuade Saul not to kill David.
1 Samuel 20:1–5, 12–24, 27, 31–42—Jonathan warns David of Saul’s intent. Jonathan and David make a covenant of friendship.
1 Samuel 23:14–18—David is strengthened by Jonathan while hiding from Saul.
1 Samuel 24:9–10, 16–20—David spares Saul’s life, and Saul recognizes David’s righteousness.
2 Samuel 1:4, 11–12—David mourns the deaths of Jonathan and Saul.
2 Samuel 9:1–3, 6–7, 13—David fulfills his covenant of friendship by caring for Jonathan’s son.
Note: All references that say Saul had an evil spirit from God are corrected in the Joseph Smith Translation to say that the evil spirit was not of God.
Study the lesson and decide how you want to teach the children the scripture account (see “Preparing Your Lessons,” p. vi, and “Teaching from the Scriptures,” p. vii). Select the discussion questions and enrichment activities that will best help the children achieve the purpose of the lesson.
Make a fishing pole by attaching a long string to one end of a stick and a paper clip, hairpin, or safety pin to the other end of the string for a hook. Make one crab and several fish out of folded paper using the patterns at the end of this lesson. Punch a hole through both sides of the crab and each fish so that the hook can slip through. On the inside of each fish write a quality of a true friend, such as being loyal, kind, understanding, helpful, unselfish, willing to share, comforting, honest, forgiving, supportive, and so on. Leave the inside of the crab blank. (See the attention activity.)
A Bible for each child.
The fishing pole, crab, and fish that you have made.
Picture 6-38, David and Jonathan.
Invite a child to give the opening prayer.
You may use one or more of the following activities any time during the lesson or as a review, summary, or challenge.
If possible, have the children use each of the following words at least once as they fill in the blanks in the following paragraphs. Make a copy of the paragraphs for each child or write the key words on the chalkboard and read the statement to the children for them to complete as a class.
Key: signal—5, 10; covenant—1, 18;safety—6, 13; danger—7, 15, 16; arrows—4, 9, 11, 12, 14; three—2, 3, 8, 17
Explain that a true friend is someone who helps you become a better person and never tries to persuade you to do things that are wrong. Invite the children to share experiences about times when someone has been a true friend to them and ask how it made them feel. You may also wish to share an experience you have had.
Spread out five or six pieces of different-colored papers so the class can see all of them. Ask the children which color they think is the best and which color they think is the worst. After all the children have answered, explain that there is no color that is better or worse than any other. They are just different, and even knowing that one color is our favorite color does not make it a better color. Variety in color helps make our world beautiful, and variety in people makes our world better too. Ask the children to discuss how people are different. Point out the obvious things—such as hair color, eye color, age, size, and personality—but try to sensitively discuss other things too.
You might demonstrate how it feels to be different by having the children pretend that they are in a country where everything is different to them. Their neighbors eat different food, wear different clothes, and speak a different language than the children are used to. Using a foreign language, ask the children to do something for you. Use the following examples or others that you know.
English: Please stand up and tell us your name.
German: Bitte stehen Sie auf, und sagen Sie uns wie Sie heißen.
French: Levez-vous, s’il vous plaît. Comment vous appelez-vous?
Whom should we choose as our friends? Help the children understand that if we limit our friendships to those who are just like we are, we will be missing out on many good experiences. Explain that rather than avoid those who are different than we are, we should do what we can to understand them. We should always be ready to be friends with people who share our values and ideals.
Tell the children that one way to strengthen friendships is to get to know one another better. To help the class members know each other better, play the following game.
Pass around a bowl of small pieces of candy or dried beans. As you pass the bowl around, have each child name something he or she likes to do, take a piece of candy or a bean, and pass the bowl to the next child. Keep passing the bowl until all the children have had at least one turn.
Alternate game: Have the children sit in a circle. Play spin the bottle by placing a narrow bottle on its side on the floor. Tell one thing about yourself and spin the bottle. Whoever the mouth of the bottle points to when the bottle stops spinning will be next to tell one thing about himself or herself, plus one good thing that he or she knows about someone in the class (this could be something the children have learned during the game or something they already knew about the person). Have the child spin the bottle to determine who has the next turn.
Review the thirteenth article of faith and discuss what it teaches us about being a true friend.
Sing or read the words to “I’m Trying to Be like Jesus” (Children’s Songbook, p. 78) or “We Are Different” (Children’s Songbook, p. 263).
Invite a child to give the closing prayer.