E. B. [Emmeline B.] Wells, “Zina D. H. Young,” Young Woman’s Journal 12, no. 6 (June 1901): 254.
See, for example, Zina D. H. Young, “How I Gained My Testimony of the Truth,” Young Woman’s Journal 4, no. 7 (Apr. 1893): 317–319; Oliver B. Huntington, Diaries, vol. 9, 1843–1907, May 16, 1848, 88, BYU; Jill Mulvay Derr, Carol Cornwall Madsen, Kate Holbrook, and Matthew J. Grow, eds., The First Fifty Years of Relief Society: Key Documents in Latter-day Saint Women’s History (Salt Lake City: Church Historian’s Press, 2016), 655; “In Memoriam,” Woman’s Exponent 20, no. 15 (Feb. 15, 1892): 117.
Young was sealed to Joseph Smith in Nauvoo, Illinois. After Smith’s death, she married Brigham Young. (Richard Lyman Bushman, Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling [New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2005], 439–440; Derr et al., First Fifty Years, 689. For more information on plural marriage in the 1840s, see “Plural Marriage in Kirtland and Nauvoo,” Gospel Topics, accessed Feb. 8, 2016, lds.org.)
Clarissa Young’s children were Maria, Willard, and Phebe. Zina Presendia Young remembered how her father asked her mother to take care “of his little ones whose mother was dead. She consented, and this event entirely changed my after-life; from being the pet and only child I now had to share with these motherless children. It was a trial in many ways, but my precious mother taught me to be unselfish and thank God for all his blessings and not complain, and I am thankful to say, following her advice without once alluding to the fact that my mother was not their own. Thus it proved to be the best lesson of my life, and a great blessing.” ([Emmeline B. Wells], “A Distinguished Woman: Zina D. H. Young,” Woman’s Exponent 10, no. 14 [Dec. 15, 1881]: 107; Martha Sonntag Bradley and Mary Brown Firmage Woodward, Four Zinas: A Story of Mothers and Daughters on the Mormon Frontier [Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 2000], 207; Augusta Joyce Crocheron, Representative Women of Deseret, a Book of Biographical Sketches to Accompany the Picture Bearing the Same Title [Salt Lake City: J. C. Graham, 1884], 122–123.)
Susa Young Gates, History of the Young Ladies’ Mutual Improvement Association of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1911), 21.
Nauvoo Relief Society Minute Book, Mar. 24, 1842, 16, in Derr et al., First Fifty Years, 38.
Derr et al., First Fifty Years, xxi; Zina D. H. Young, Diary, 1844–1845, June 18, 1844; July 4, 1844, CHL.
Eliza R. Snow, The Personal Writings of Eliza Roxcy Snow, ed. Maureen Ursenbach Beecher (Logan: Utah State University Press, 2000), Jan. 1, 1847, 151; see also [Wells], “A Distinguished Woman,” 107.
Gates, History of the Young Ladies’ Mutual Improvement Association, 21.
Lehi Ward, Utah Stake, Relief Society Minutes and Records, vol. 1, 1868–1879, Oct. 27, 1868, 1, CHL.
Lehi Ward Relief Society Minutes, Oct. 27, 1869, 26–30. Eliza R. Snow did not bear children, but she was referred to as a “Mother in Israel” and spoke often about the divinity of motherhood. (See [Susa Young Gates], “The Mother of Mothers in Israel,” Relief Society Magazine 3, no. 4 [Apr. 1916]: 189–190.)
Lehi Ward Relief Society Minutes, Oct. 27, 1869, 30–31.
Mrs. E. J. T., “Sarah Thornton Coleman,” Woman’s Exponent 20, no. 21 (May 15, 1892): 168; Hamilton Gardner and Lehi Centennial Committee, Lehi Centennial History, 1850–1950 (Lehi, UT: Free Press, 1950), 371, 301, 242.
Lehi Ward Relief Society Minutes, Oct. 27, 1869, 30; Gardner, Lehi Centennial History, 297.
Both Young and Snow struggled initially with public speaking. When Eliza R. Snow first addressed the Lehi Relief Society earlier that morning, she said, “Your presidentess has desired me to address you. I do not of myself feel competent to do so, but with your faith and prayers and the Spirit of the Lord I may be able to say something that will comfort and bless you.” Thirteen years later, after Young had gained much experience, Emmeline B. Wells praised her public speaking ability: “Had she been educated for the platform, and spoken upon other subjects, she would doubtless have received many encomiums of praise and won distinction in the lecture field; but being only a ‘Mormon,’ she is content with the love of her own people, and ambition to do good to others inspires her to move forward wherever duty calls her for the benefit of womankind and the interests of Zion. And in pursuing this course she finds her highest happiness.” (Lehi Ward Relief Society Minutes, Oct. 27, 1869, 26; [Wells], “A Distinguished Woman,” Woman’s Exponent 10, no. 16 [Jan. 15, 1882]: 123.)
Snow said in the morning session, “While sitting here I have been looking upon the faces of my sisters and can see the form of Deity there.” (Lehi Ward Relief Society Minutes, Oct. 27, 1869, 26.)
Snow also said, “I have been reflecting on the great work we have to perform, even in helping in the salvation of the living and the dead.” (Lehi Ward Relief Society Minutes, Oct. 27, 1869, 26.)
Snow taught, “We know the Lord has laid high responsibilities upon us, and there is not a wish or desire that the Lord has implanted in our hearts in righteousness but will be realized.” (Lehi Ward Relief Society Minutes, Oct. 27, 1869, 27.)
See 1 Corinthians 10:13; and Alma 13:28.
See Revelation 21:7.