“Map 3: The Westward Movement of the Church,” Doctrine and Covenants and Church History Class Member Study Guide (1999)“Map 3,” Doctrine and Covenants and Church History Class Member Study GuideMap 3: The Westward Movement of the ChurchN123456789101112131415Oregon TerritoryCaliforniaMexicoIndian TerritoryIndian TerritoryIowaMissouriIllinoisIndianaOhioCanadaNew YorkPennsylvaniaPacific OceanAtlantic OceanSnake RiverGreat Salt LakeGila RiverRio Grande RiverPecos RiverNorth Platte RiverSouth Platte RiverCanadian RiverArkansas RiverCalifornia TrailSan FranciscoSacramentoLos AngelesSan BernardinoMission San Luis ReySan DiegoFort HallFort BridgerSalt Lake CityTucsonSanta FePuebloFort LaramieWinter QuartersCouncil BluffsNauvooFar WestFort LeavenworthIndependenceLibertyQuincyFayetteNew York CityKirtlandPhiladelphiaWashington, D.C.The ship Brooklyn arrived in Yerba Buena (San Francisco) 31 July 18464 Feb 1846 voyage of the ship Brooklyn beginsMiles0100200300400Kilometers0150300450600Map 3 KeyMormon Battalion routeWestward route of the SaintsRoute of the ship BrooklynFayette. The Prophet Joseph Smith left Fayette for Kirtland, Ohio, in January 1831. The three New York branches followed in April and May 1831 under the Lord’s command to gather (see D&C 37–38).Kirtland. The headquarters of the Church from early February 1831 to 12 January 1838, when the Prophet moved to Far West, Missouri.Independence. The Lord identified Independence as the center place of Zion in July 1831 (see D&C 57:2–3). Mobs forced the Saints from here in November 1833.Liberty. The Saints from Jackson County gathered in this area from 1833 until 1836, when they were required to leave.Far West. A refuge was established here for the Saints from 1836 to 1838. It was the headquarters of the Church for part of 1838. In 1838–39 the Saints were forced to flee to Illinois.Nauvoo. The headquarters of the Church from 1839 to 1846. About two years after the martyrdom of the Prophet and his brother Hyrum, the Saints moved west.Council Bluffs (Kanesville). The pioneers arrived here in June 1846. Members of the Mormon Battalion departed on 21 July 1846 under Lieutenant Colonel James Allen.Winter Quarters. The headquarters settlement for the Saints en route to the Salt Lake Valley (1846–48). The vanguard company under the direction of President Brigham Young departed in April 1847.Fort Leavenworth. The Mormon Battalion was outfitted here before starting the march west in August 1846.Santa Fe. Lieutenant Colonel Philip Cooke commanded the Mormon Battalion as it marched from here on 19 October 1846.Pueblo. Three sick detachments from the Mormon Battalion were ordered to recuperate in Pueblo, where they spent the winter of 1846–47 with Saints from Mississippi. These parties entered the Salt Lake Valley in July 1847.San Diego. The Mormon Battalion finished its 2,000-mile march here on 29 January 1847.Los Angeles. The Mormon Battalion was discharged here on 16 July 1847.Sacramento. Some discharged battalion members worked here and at Sutter’s Mill farther east on the American River, where they helped discover gold.Salt Lake City. President Brigham Young arrived in the Salt Lake Valley on 24 July 1847.