“Scotland: Chronology,” Global Histories: Scotland (2020)
“Scotland: Chronology,” Global Histories: Scotland
- 1839 • Scotland
Alexander Wright and Samuel Mulliner, both Scottish-born, became the first Latter-day Saint missionaries called to preach in Scotland.
- January 14, 1840 • Bishopton, Scotland
Alexander and Jessie Hay were baptized in the River Clyde by Samuel Mulliner, becoming the first converts baptized in Scotland.
- 1840 • Scotland
After arriving in May 1840, Elder Orson Pratt of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles organized the Paisley Branch (the first branch in Scotland), climbed Arthur’s Seat and prayed for converts, delivered the first public sermon by a Latter-day Saint in Edinburgh, and published the first-ever tract to include an account of Joseph Smith’s First Vision.
- June 14, 1840 • Glasgow, Scotland
Missionary Reuben Hedlock opened Glasgow to missionary work and began preaching at Anderson’s University. Two months later, a branch was organized with 12 members.
- September 2, 1840 • Scotland
The first group of Saints left Scotland for Utah. By the end of the century nearly 5,000 members had emigrated.
- 1847 • Scotland
Missionaries preached in Scots Gaelic and distributed the tract “Do suchd siridy kioghachd due” (“Seekers after the Kingdom of God”).
- 1850 • Scotland
By 1850 membership in Scotland had reached 3,257 in more than 50 branches.
- 1851–90 • Scotland
Despite some missionary successes, high rates of emigration, dissent, and excommunication led to low numbers in Scottish branches. By 1890 there were approximately 200 members living in Scotland.
- December 4, 1907 • Salt Lake City, Utah
Charles W. Nibley was called as Presiding Bishop, becoming the first Scottish-born General Authority. He later served as second counselor to Church President Heber J. Grant.
- 1914–18 • Scotland
During World War I, many Scottish Latter-day Saints and foreign missionaries entered the armed forces. In their absence local sister missionaries were called and distributed thousands of tracts, and the British Relief Society collected donations to support soldiers.
- 1939–45 • Scotland
During World War II foreign missionaries were evacuated, and many local men entered the armed forces. Andre K. Anastasiou, acting mission president, urged Scottish Saints to serve at home or as part-time missionaries during this time.
- June 2–4, 1952 • Glasgow and Edinburgh, Scotland
Church President David O. McKay dedicated the first Church-owned meetinghouses in Scotland.
- 1960s • Scotland
Labor missionaries and Church members joined together to construct meetinghouses throughout Great Britain. Buildings were completed in Ayr, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Kilmarnock, Dumfries, Aberdeen, Dundee, and Drumchapel in Scotland.
- August 26, 1962 • Glasgow
The first stake in Scotland was organized in Glasgow, with Archibald R. Richardson as president.
- 1975–80 • Scotland
With the creation of stakes in Dundee, Aberdeen, Edinburgh, and Paisley, all of Scotland was organized into stakes.
- June 21–22, 1976 • Glasgow
Church President Spencer W. Kimball presided at an area conference in the Apollo Theater with approximately 2,000 members of the Church and friends.
- July 25–26, 1987 • Glasgow and Edinburgh
In celebration of the sesquicentennial of the Church in Great Britain, two historical markers were dedicated and a conference was held in Glasgow with 3,000 in attendance, the largest gathering of Saints in Scotland to date.
- November 13, 1990 • Edinburgh
Elder Neal A. Maxwell of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles led a group of Church leaders up to Arthur’s Seat and pronounced a “blessing of renewal” on Scotland.
- 1992 • Scotland
Church membership in Scotland surpassed 24,000.
- May 6, 1999 • Edinburgh
Brian Adam, a Latter-day Saint, was elected to the Scottish Parliament.
- April 1, 2006 • Salt Lake City, Utah
David S. Baxter, who was born in Stirling, Scotland, was sustained as a General Authority Seventy.
- November 1, 2012 • Preston, England
Douglas and Aileen Murray, of Dundee, Scotland, became president and matron of the Preston England Temple, respectively.
- 2013 • Dunfermline, Scotland
The Dunfermline Ward Relief Society offered the Church’s literacy course “Ye Shall Have My Words” for members with dyslexia and other literacy difficulties.
- August 2015 • Glasgow and Edinburgh
The Scotland/Ireland Mission began making special efforts to proselytize among the many Chinese students studying in local universities.
- 2017 • Glasgow
Members of the Glasgow Scotland Stake worked in conjunction with a local charity to conduct fundraisers, clothing drives, and service projects to help refugees.