Shayne M. Bowen was born in Rigby, Idaho, on August 29, 1954. He married Lynette Mortensen in December 1976. They are the parents of seven children, one of whom is deceased.
He attended Brigham Young University and in 1977 graduated cum laude with a bachelor of arts degree in English and a minor in Spanish.
He has served in a number of Church callings, including full-time missionary in the Chile Santiago Mission, president of the Spain Barcelona Mission (2000–2003), stake president twice, high councilor, bishop, high priests group instructor, elders quorum president, and Varsity Scout leader.
Elder Shayne M. Bowen had been serving as an Area Seventy in the Idaho Area prior to his call as a General Authority. From 2006 to 2010 he served in the South America South Area Presidency, serving as President from 2008 to 2010. From 2010 to 2014 he served at Church headquarters in various capacities. From 2014 to 2018 he served in the Philippines Area Presidency, serving as President from 2016 to 2018, and in 2019 he served in the North America Southeast Area Presidency. Elder Bowen is currently serving as priesthood adviser of the Welfare and Self-Reliance Services Department and as a member of the Family History Committee.
He studied insurance and finance at the American College, becoming a chartered life underwriter in 1984 and a chartered financial consultant in 1999. Elder Bowen pursued a career in insurance, owning and operating his own agency.